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    The Community's competence in the field of development co-operation was only established in law by adoption of the Maastricht Treaty in 1992. The Treaty created a constitutional basis for development co-operation policies, and formalises the existence of a European development policy functioning in liaison with those of Member States, while recognising their interdependence. It revolves in essence around aspects of the so-called "3Cs", while distinct concepts are also inter-related. However, the Treaty is not always clear or free from ambiguities.

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    20/04/2004


Triple C Evaluations 8 - Evaluating Co-ordination, Complementarity and Coherence in EU development policy: a synthesis News


Triple C Evaluations 8 - Evaluating Co-ordination, Complementarity and Coherence in EU development policy: a synthesis

This synthesis paper was drawn up by the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) on invitation by the EUHES, and sets out the main policy conclusions of the six evaluations of the 3Cs.


In 2004, the group of Heads of the EU Member States’ development cooperation evaluation services and the European Commission (EUHES) initiated a series of six joint evaluations to assess the role played by the Maastricht Treaty precepts of coordination, complementarity and coherence in the development cooperation policies and operations of the European Commission and the EU Member States. Focusing on a wide variety of topics and issues, the evaluations determined to what extent the 3Cs have been applied in practice and with what impact. This synthesis paper was drawn up by the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) on invitation by the EUHES, and sets out the main policy conclusions from this joint evaluation effort.

The six evaluations show evidence that enhanced cooperation on policy coherence for development and on complementarity and division of labour is being strengthened throughout the European Union. However, they also indicate that progress is tentative and hinges upon sustained political commitment at the highest level on the part of EU Institutions and Member States. To inspire further progress in terms of enhanced cooperation on development, the evaluations point out lessons learned and opportunities for further integration and learning, as well as specific shortcomings in the way EU Institutions and Member States work together in practice to operationalise their joint vision on development.